Biotechnology is not new as some people discovered over 9000 years that microorganisms could be used to make bread, brew alcohol and produce cheese. What is new, however, is the extent of applications and sophistication of biotechnology techniques currently employed. Researchers can manipulate living organisms and transfer genetic materials between organisms. Genetic engineering itself is the specific modification or transfer of genetic materials under lies modern bio-technical innovations.
Application of biotechnology are predominantly practiced in a wide range of activities of social and economic importance, as highlighted below:
- Plant breeding;
- Mass propagation of plant clones;
- Bioinsecticide development;
- Modification of plants to improve nutritional and processing characteristics; to mention but few.
- Development of Novel Therapeutic molecules for medical treatment;
- Production of new antibiotics, vaccines for malaria and improved ways of insulin;
- Diagnostic test for detecting serious diseases such as hereditary cancers;
- Drug delivery;
- Tissue Engineering of replacement organs; and
- Gene therapy, to mention a few.
- Vaccine Production;
- Fertility Control; and
- Breeding to mention a few.
- Production of baker's yeast, cheese, yogurts and fermenting foods such as vinegar etc.
- Brewing and wind making; and
- Production of flavours and colour agents. etc.
- Production of bulk chemicals and solvents such as ethanol, citric acid, acetone and buthanol.
- Synthesis of fine specialty chemicals such as enzymes, amino acids, alkaloids and antibiotics.
- Bioremediation of soil and water polluted with toxic chemicals;
- Sewage and other organic waste treatment;
Check more on my in my indiastudyChannel.com contributions.